Chris is an environmental economist who joined Eunomia in January 2009, following completion of PhD research into socio-economic constraints on the development of renewable energy in the UK.
Much of his current work focuses on exploring and quantifying the impacts of litter on both terrestrial and marine environments, and understanding the effectiveness of economic instruments, and other approaches, to prevent and remove litter. He has directed most of Eunomia’s recent studies on litter including:
Three reports for the United Nations Environment Programme Convention on Migratory Species exploring the impacts of marine litter on migratory species. This involved a thorough review of the international scientific literature to identify lethal and sub-lethal impacts on specific species arising from entanglement and ingestion (including toxicological impacts via ingestion). The research reviewed, amongst other things, the latest evidence on the rate of degradation of biodegradable plastic carrier bags in the guts of sea turtles;
- A study for the Clean Europe Network on the development of a methodology to increase understanding of the pathways by which litter enters the aquatic environment, and determine the effectiveness of specific interventions to prevent such litter reaching the aquatic environment;
- Recently completed research for DG Environment to support the development of measures to combat a range of marine litter sources. This included detailed consideration of the sources of primary and secondary microplastic particles and pathways by which they might reach the marine environment.
He was the project manager for a study for Bruxelles Environnement which reviewed the ability of economic instruments to bring about waste prevention, and also managed research for DG Environment in support of an impact assessment for a range of measures to reduce the consumption of single-use carrier bags across EU Member States. More recently Chris led a project for Zero Waste Scotland exploring the indirect costs of litter, relating to the wider impacts of a littered environment on issues such as mental health and wellbeing. He also wrote Eunomia’s Clean Sweep Report which details a number of ways to tackle litter that would be more cost-effective and fairer than current approaches.